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F.ood & H.ealth : B.iological A.gents Last Updated: Nov 12th, 2006 - 20:38:00

Possible Source of E. coli Outbreak Identified
By Barry Hoffman and Jeff Walsh
Sep 16, 2006, 10:25

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California grower supplies fresh spinach to scores of repackagers, FDA says.

SATURDAY, Sept. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has identified a California produce company as one possible source of the tainted spinach that has caused one death and illness throughout the nation.

As the outbreak of E. coli bacterium cases widened to 20 states, Natural Selection Foods of San Juan Bautista began recalling all of its prepackaged spinach and its salad mix products that contain spinach in all brands packed with Best If Used by Dates of Aug.17, 2006 through Oct. 1, 2006.

The investigation is continuing, the FDA said in a consumer alert on its Web site, and Natural Selection Foods may not be the only source of the E. coli O157:H7 that has so far has sickened 94 people. Fourteen of the victims have developed a form of kidney failure called Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, the agency reported.

"We're clearly evolving and it is very important to keep an open mind whether there are other products potentially implicated," Dr. David Acheson, the chief medical officer with the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, told the Associated Press.

According to the FDA, Natural Selection Foods supplies its spinach to the following brands that package it:

Dole, Earthbound Farm, Natural Selection Foods, Pride of San Juan, Bellissima, Rave Spinach, Emeril, Sysco, O Organic, Fresh Point, River Ranch, Superior, Nature's Basket, Pro-Mark, Compliments, Trader Joe's, Ready Pac, Jansal Valley, Cheney Brothers, Coastline, D'Arrigo Brothers, Green Harvest, Mann, Mills Family Farm, Pro*Act, Premium Fresh, Snoboy, The Farmer's Market, Tanimura & Antle, President's Choice, Cross Valley and Riverside Farms.

Because the tainted spinach could have been included in packaged green salads that have spinach, the FDA is now warning that those products also might be contaminated.

Consumers should throw away any fresh packaged spinach they may have bought in the past few weeks and not buy more until the warning is lifted, the agency said. It also said that washing the spinach won't help because the bacteria is too tightly attached.

The states reporting cases of illness now include: California, Connecticut, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

The affected products were also distributed to Canada and Mexico, the FDA said.

The one death occurred in Wisconsin, which has 29 cases statewide. Friday night, the AP reported, the victim was identified as Marion Graff, 77, of Manitowoc. Her son said she died of kidney failure Sept. 7.

"We are very, very upset about this," Natural Selection Foods spokeswoman Samantha Cabaluna told the AP Friday. "What we do is produce food that we want to be healthy and safe for consumers, so this is a tragedy for us."

The company has supplied a phone number -- l-800-690-3200 -- for a refund or replacement coupons.

The FDA said the first cases of infection apparently surfaced on Aug. 23, and the most recent one was reported Sept. 3. But it wasn't until Wednesday that the agency was able to identify bagged spinach as the possible cause, Acheson told a press conference Thursday night.

"It [the outbreak] is increasing by the day. We may be at the peak, we may not. And that's why we're watching it and we're giving preliminary, early data," Acheson said Thursday.

Dr. Robert Brackett, director of the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, cautioned that anyone who believes he or she has the symptoms of E. coli poisoning should contact a doctor.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, E. coli lives in the intestines of cattle and other animals and is linked to contamination by fecal material. It can be found in undercooked meats and other foods, such as spinach, sprouts, lettuce, unpasteurized milk and juice.

The primary symptom of E. coli contamination in humans is diarrhea, often with bloody stools. While most adults recover completely, the bacteria is particularly harmful to the very young, the very old, and those with compromised immune systems. In more serious cases, potentially fatal kidney failure can develop.

Dr. Pascal James Imperato, chairman of the department of preventive medicine at SUNY Downstate Medical Center in New York City and former New York City Health Commissioner, said that normally, people between 20 and 60 years of age don't have much of a reaction to E. coli.

But, he added in a prepared statement, this outbreak seems to have affected people in that age group, indicating it might be a particularly virulent strain of bacteria.

E. coli causes an estimated 73,000 cases of infection, including 61 deaths, each year in the United States, according to CDC statistics.

The last publicly reported outbreaks of E. coli were in 2005. In October, laboratory tests found the bacteria in two bags of lettuce, suspected as the cause of an outbreak in Minnesota that sickened 17 people, eight of whom had to be hospitalized. In December, an E. coli outbreak in the state of Washington sickened at least eight children. That was traced to unpasteurized milk from a dairy.

More information

You can read the FDA's latest updates on the E. coli outbreak at its Web site.

-- Barry Hoffman and Jeff Walsh

SOURCES: Sept. 14, 2006, teleconference with David Acheson, chief medical officer, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration; FDA Web site, Associated Press; Pascal James Imperato, M.D., chairman, department of preventive medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York City, and former New York City Health Commissioner

Last Updated: Sept. 16, 2006

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