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Healthy Pets Healthy People

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Photo: A girl with her pet guinea pig.There are many positive benefits of owning a pet; however, it’s important to know that some animals may carry germs that can be spread to people and cause illness.

Pets don't always appear to be sick when they have these germs. Here are a few tips to keep you and your family healthy.

Picking the Right Pet

Photo: A horseBefore you purchase or adopt a pet, make sure that it is the right one for you and your family. CDC recommends the following:

  • Households with children under 5 years of age should not own amphibians, such as frogs, or reptiles, such as turtles.
  • Pregnant women should avoid contact with pet rodents to prevent exposure to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, which is a virus that can cause birth defects.
  • Pregnant women also should follow other precautions to reduce their risk of getting toxoplasmosis from cats, such as washing their hands. See the CDC's Clean Hands site for more information on hand washing.
  • Immune-compromised persons and persons with HIVinfection or AIDS should take extra precautions when choosing and handling pets. Talk to your veterinarian and health care provider to help make this decision.

To pick the right pet, do some research beforehand about the specific needs of the animal. Some questions to ask are: How much exercise does the pet need? How large will it become? Is the type of animal aggressive? What does the pet eat? How much will it cost for veterinary care? Do I have enough time to properly care for and clean-up after the pet? What exactly does this pet need in its habitat to be healthy? Are pets allowed in my apartment or condominium? How long will this animal live? See additional information about adopting a petExternal Web Site Icon from the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Wash Hands Thoroughly Right after Touching Your Pet

  • A young boy washes his handsAlways wash hands thoroughly with soap and water right after touching a pet, their housing, or anything (for example, food or treats) that comes in contact with them or their housing. It is especially important to wash your hands after touching a pet and before preparing, serving, eating, or drinking.
  • Adults should assist young children with hand washing. See more information onhand washing.
  • Running water and soap are best for hand washing. Use hand sanitizers if running water and soap are not available. Be sure to wash your hands with soap and water as soon as a sink is available.
  • Call your health care provider if you or a family member are concerned about illness and be sure to tell them about the pets you have contact with.
  • Contact your pet's veterinarian if you are concerned that your pet may be sick.

Many pets, such as dogs, cats, reptiles, rodents, and birds, carry germs that can be spread from animals to people. Always wash hands upon exiting animal areas even if you did not touch an animal, after going to the toilet, before eating and drinking, before preparing food or drinks, and after removing soiled clothes or shoes.

It is also important to wash your hands right after handling pet foods and treats, which can be contaminated with bacteria and other germs. Pet food and treats might include dry dog or cat food, dog biscuits, pig ears, beef hooves, and rodents used to feed reptiles.

Make Sure Your Pet Gets Early, Regular, and Life-long Veterinary Care

Whether you have a horse, parakeet, or iguana, providing regular, life-long veterinary care is important to having a healthy pet and a healthy family. Keep up with your pet's vaccinesExternal Web Site Icon, deworming, and flea and tick control. Provide your pet with a good diet, fresh water, clean bedding, and exercise. By keeping your pet healthy, you keep yourself and your family healthy. Contact your veterinarian if you have any questions about your pet's health.

Avoid Ticks and Fleas on Your Pet

Your pet may carry ticks that can spread serious diseases like Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever to people. In areas with plague, fleas present a risk to both animals and their owners. Consult your veterinarian about ways to prevent ticks and fleas on your pet.

Practice Good Hygiene Around Your Pet

Two cats lying in a sinkMake sure to wash your hands right after touching an animal, cleaning up after your pet, and before eating or preparing foods. Make sure to remove your dog's feces from your yard or public places by using a device or bag, and dispose of in proper areas. Dog feces contain many types of bacteria, some of which can be harmful to people. Keep young children away from areas that may contain dog or cat feces to prevent the spread of roundworms andhookworms. Cover sand boxes so cats don't use them as a litter box. Clean the cat's litter box daily. Pregnant woman should not change a cat's litter box, because cats can carry a parasite that causestoxoplasmosis, which is a disease that can cause birth defects. Get more information ontoxoplasmosis and cats Adobe PDF file [PDF - 203KB].

Prevent Rabies

Rabies is a deadly disease that can make both you and your pet sick. Get your pet vaccinated for rabies. Make sure your pet gets and wears a tag with its vaccine history, name, and your contact information. Keep your pet in a fenced yard or on a leash. See more information about preventing rabies and dog bites.

Photo: A doe and fawn.Keep Wildlife Wild

Though they may be cute and cuddly, don't encourage wild animals such as raccoons, prairie dogs, or wild rodents to come into your home by feeding them. You may find a young animal that appears to be abandoned and want to rescue it, but often its parent is close by. Refrain from touching wild animals and their habitats, as many carry germs, viruses, and parasites.

Teach Children How to Appropriately Care for Pets

Children younger than 5 years old should be supervised while interacting with animals. Teach children to wash their hands right after playing with animals or anything in the animals' environment (e.g., cages, beds, food and water dishes). Children younger than 5 years old should be extra cautious when visiting farms and having direct contact with farm animals, including animals at petting zoos and fairs. See more information on safety at petting zoos and animal exhibits.

Enjoy Your Pet!

There are many health benefits of owning a pet. The companionship of pets can help manage loneliness and depression. Pets can increase your opportunities to exercise, participate in outdoor activities, and socialize. Therefore, regular walking or playing with pets can decrease your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and triglyceride levels. Remember, healthy pets = healthy people!


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