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Mediterranean diet cuts cancer risk - study

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By David Liu

A study published in the April 26, 2011 issue of British Journal of Cancer suggests that eating Mediterranean diet can significantly reduce cancer risk in both men and women.

The study led by E. Couto of the University of Aslo in Aslo, Norway and colleagues showed close adherence to Mediterranean diet could avoid 4.7 percent of cancer cases in men and 2.4 percent of cases of cancer in women.

For the study, the researchers estimated the score of adherence to Mediterranean diet ranging from 0 to 9 for 142,605 men and 335,873 women enrolled in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition and identified 9,669 incident cancers in men and 21,062 in women.

For a two-point increase in the Mediterranean diet score, the cancer risk was reduced by 4 percent, the researchers found.

Mediterranean diet is high in fruits, legumes, vegetables, whole or unrefined grains, and olive oil, and moderate amounts of fish, meat and nuts.